What does dying "testate" or "intestate" mean?

A person dies testate if they left a valid will. One dies intestate if the deceased person does not have a valid will at the time of death. If a person dies intestate, then the laws of the Commonwealth of Virginia, in effect at the time of death, determine who the heirs are and hence who receives the decedent's property.

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1. Where should the will be probated?
2. What does dying "testate" or "intestate" mean?
3. Who inherits the property of a person who dies intestate (person dying without a will)?
4. Is the appointment of an executor or administrator and the formal administration of an estate always required?
5. What are the time limitations regarding probate?
6. If the decedent died with a Will, what should I bring to the Clerk's Office?
7. If the decedent left no Will, what should I take to the Clerk's Office?
8. What are the basic duties of an executor or administrator?
9. Where can one go for more information or answers to specific questions?